How We Establish the Safety of GM crops: The Regulatory Process

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How We Establish the Safety of GM crops: The Regulatory Process

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After extensive safety testing is completed at Monsanto, in the US, for example, every genetically modified (GM) product goes through regulatory review as follows:

  • The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) cooperatively works with GM crop developers to help them ensure foods made from their new varieties are safe for human consumption—nontoxic, nonallergenic, etc.
  • The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) confirms that a GM trait will not pose a plant pest risk.
  • The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) evaluates insect and virus resist GM crops thoroughly to ensure that the crop will not pose unreasonable risks of harm to human health or the environment.


Additionally, more than 30 government bodies representing more than 70 countries typically review GM crops. Since 1994, these countries have concluded on more than 3800 separate occasions that GM crops are safe as conventional crops for food, feed and the environment by granting regulatory approval for cultivation and/or import.

Monsanto has made regulatory submissions to select global regulatory bodies. Here are the regulatory decision documents by some regulatory bodies.

Additionally, all global approvals for GM crops are in this database by Crop Life International.

On top of the government safety approvals mentioned above, genetically-modified crop data has been reviewed by many third-party scientific expert bodies who have determined they’re as safe as conventional crops, including: